• Novi Sad is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Raised on marshy and unsuitable soil, as it was taken out of the water, a little bit from indocile Danube, a little bit from unforgettable Panon Sea.
    According to earlier knowledge, on Petrovaradin fortress there was the first human settlement even 4500 BC , but after archeological findings on the very beginning of the researches on this area, that period is rather 19.000-15.000 BC.
    In gratitude to that discovery, we now know that man inhabited the fortress from prehistory to the present, even in Paleolithic when human settlements could mostly be found in caves

    Exploring the remains of the village from late Bronze Age, archaeologists have found the walls strengthened by slaughter and palisades from that period, which witnessed that even in that time a fortified settlement existed.
    Although we guess there has always been a settlement on this ground, as it is the case in many other places in the world, somewhere in the sixteenth century the first citizens began to sort their modest huts across the Petrovaradin fortress.
    Already at the end of next century the first citizen list was preserved (the oldest that is known).
    It is believed that the present settlement on the left bank of the Danube was established
    in 1694 or maybe a few years earlier, considering that it is almost certain that in 1692, when the construction of Petrovaradin fortress began, there were a lot of craftsman cottages on the left river bank for people who followed the builders and the military. This settlement was originally known as Racka town ( Raitzenstadt, Serbian town) and the Petrovaradin trench. In 1748 it became free royal town and got its present name Novi Sad, actually in the following way: wealthy citizens of Racka town, with 95.000 forints went to Vienna to buy a status of free royal city from Empress Maria Theresa.
    In regard to that, on February the 1st 1748 she issued an edict. In the first census from 1698, there were 32 households. On the day of the Free royal city declaration, Novi Sad counted 841 houses and population of 4620 people. According to the census from that time, there were 3000 Orthodox, and around 1500 Catholics. The rest of people were Jews, who were not registered.
    In 1880th Novi Sad had already 21.235, and in 1930 there was a three times higher number with 62.181 residents. In 1748, the time when Novi Sad acquired status of Free royal town, in today's Vojvodina, within the Habsburg Monarchy there were 50 Post Offices in the town.

  • In 1750 diligence for passengers and postal deliveries was introduced to the public. The first Post office in Novi Sad was opened on December 29, 1753 in Petrovaradin, where a large military garrison was situated. This post office served residents on both of Danube's banks.
    One hundred years later, after many faithless appeals, the authorities met the demand of citizens and established Post office in Novi Sad.
    The first telephone in the town was introduced in 1880, with in-city 1892 and long-distance calls in 1900. The railway has existed since 1883, when the Pest-Novi Sad railway was constructed. A horse-drawn omnibus was put into operation in 1901, Electrical Tram in 1911 and buses in 1930, up to 1958 when they completely replaced trams.
    The first written record of crossing over the Danube, at this point is located in the Charter of Hungarian King Stephan V from 1267. In 1687 pontoon bridge is mentioned, in 1694 bridgehead, and in 1716 even two pontoon bridges. Floods and high waters of the Danube threatened Novi Sad in 1769/70, 1817, 1876, and 1940. Despite the record level of water in the Danube in 1965 (778cm), the city was defended from flooding. At the time of the revolution, on June 12th 1849 Hungarian troops started bombing the city from Petrovaradin fortress, and then the city was almost entirely destroyed in the fire.
    The Serbian National elementary school was established in 1703, and Latin- Slavic school of Bishop Visarion Pavlović in 1731/32.
    The Serbian reading room begun the work in 1845, the first daily newspaper 'Serbian Journal' was launched in 1852.
    The Serbian National Theatre was
    founded in1861.
    The hospital was opened in 1730 and Iodic bathroom 1910th.
    Brick sewer system,
    from the Fortress to the Danube was built
    in 1725, and in the city 1880, providing the system from current Laza Kostić street, through Jewish street to the Gallery Square.
    Artesian wells were dug in 1895, Pipe Well in 1906, and in 1952 the first meters of
    urban water supply were constructed. The first Serbian town cemetery,was presumably situated at the place of present Dositej street, and later moved around certain churches. From 1929 to 1941 Novi Sad has been the headquarter of Danube Banovina.
    Inevitable cultural and historical sights of Novi Sad are:
    Petrovaradin Fortress 1692-1780

  • Nikolajevska Church (1730)
    Assumption Church (1736)
    Almaška Church (1797)
    Congregational Church (1742)
    The Roman Catholic parish church (1767-demolished 1921)
    Synagogue (1906)
    Franciscan Monastery of St. Juraj from the eighteenth century in Petrovaradin (1701-1714),
    Snowy Church of Our Lady from Tekije,
    built in the eighteenth century
    in memory of the victory of the Austrian
    army against the Turks (1716)
    Reformed Calvinist Church (1865)
    Evangelical Church (1886)
    Ruthenian Greek-Catholic Church (1820)
    Monastery in Kovilj (rebuilt 1705-1707)
    Old buildings:
    Commercial and residential building
    "At White Lion’s place’’
    the oldest building in Novi Sad
    at the corner of Dunavska and Zmaj Jovina street,
    built in 1720.
    "Greek school" in Grčkoškolskoj Street at number 3, built in 1780
    "Plebanija" Catholic port (1808)
    Miletićeva School in yard of Nikolajevska church (1872)
    City Hall at Freedom Square, built in the Neo-Renaissance style 1894
    The"Adamovic Palace" in the Newlyweds Square, built in 1911.
    The building of the Museum of Vojvodina in Danube Street built in 1900. The
    Gymnasium "Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj" raised in 1910.
    The St.Rok Catholic Church from 1801
    Rebuilt after 1849 destruction
    The Serbian National Theatre (1981),
    Sports Centre "Vojvodina" (1981).
    Building of Serbian Heritage:
    Heritage was not moved in this building
    until 1924, although it was built in 1913
    Tanurdžić PALACE:
    Nikola Tanurdžić was a well- known Novi Sadian trader,
    the construction of the palace lasted from 1933 until
    1940 when he finished reconstruction.
    Clock tower on Fortress:
    Clock tower at Ludwig bastion dates from eighteenth century.
    Small hand shows minutes and great hand hours, so that it can be better seen from distance what’s the time. Diameter of the clock circle is two meters.
    Petrovaradin Fortress:
    Build in the period between 1692 and 1776 this fortification on the right bank of the Danube has long time been an important strategic point in battle against Turks. The project was done, by then the most modern system created by French architect Sebastian Vauban. The main defense consisted of 400 cannons with 12,000 loophole, and famous victory of Eugene of Savoy who defended the fort with 70,000 soldiers from the three times superiors Turks, demonstrated validity of the fortification.

  • Menrat palace
    The palace was built by famous merchant family Menrat 1908.
    Bishop's residence (Bishop's Palace)
    It was built in 1901 and it is located at the crossroad of Danube street , Zmaj Jovina and Pašiceva street.
    Banovina
    Building lasted from 1936 until 1939.
    Carriages in Novi Sad transported from 19th until second half of 20th century.
    Zmaj Jovina Street spread from the Liberty Square to Bishop's palace.
    Danube street is one of the oldest most picturesque streets in Novi Sad, it stretches from Zmaj Jovina street to Belgrade quay.
    Older buildings in the street were mainly built in the second half of the eighteenth century
    and their present appearance dates from time of reconstruction after the rebellion, in the second half of the nineteenth century.
    In the middle of the park is a lake, the remnant of the former pond. Especially valuable park it spreads over 33,695 m2 with over 250 plant species. Regulation of the land for park
    began in 1895 year.

    Pašićeva street
    In the 18th century it was called Ćurčijska, after
    craftsmen who had shops in the street.
    On the corner of present Pašićeva and Grčkoškolska street was the birthplace of Mary Trandafil, famous Serbian benefactress.
    Temerinska Street
    One of the oldest routes of Novi Sad is Temerinska street. It shares Podbara and Salajka and passes through the Vidovdansko neighborhood.
    Even before the formation of the city
    it was a route that connected
    Buda with Belgrade
    and further south, with Constantinople.
    Therefore, it is named
    Imperial or royal drum Judd.
    Futoška street is one
    of the oldest roads in Novi Sad.
    It was, since the earliest days, connecting the settlement with Futog, which was important trade center in 17th and 18th century, where fairs, famous all over Europe took place.


    .

  • Mileticeva street
    For long time in the past Mileticeva was called Lebarska (bread's) alley after many bakery shops in it.
    Hotel Vojvodina
    Built in 1854.
    The first name of the hotel was Empress Elizabeth, and after that, Queen Mary.
    Laza Dundjerski Theatre
    In February 1895 in Hotel Elizabeth yard, Laza, as the owner of hotel, opened the new Theatre building.
    Liberty Square
    The main Square in Novi Sad and part of pedestrian zone. Originated with the creation of the town, it was changing names through history. There was the time while the market was on the square, but now many important buildings are around it.
    From 1781 until 1948 there was a Baroque monument 20 feet high standing on the square -called Holy Trinity. It was built by Catholic builders who in this way wanted to protect the city from the plaque that in 18th century devastated the region.
    On February 20th 1749, the pillory was set in the Main Square,where punished people were tied and got the mark.
    The Svetozar Miletic monument was set in 1939 and it is the work of the sculptor Ivan Mestrovic-.
    'Green Wreath', Hotel 'Majer', Hotel 'Grand', Hotel 'Sloboda', JNA building, Vojvodina Bank
    Zeleni Venac had a long and checkered history worthy of attention. First mentioned in 1754 when Captain Sava Nikolic opened a tavern on the ground floor of his house.
    Newlyweds Square is located behind the old Post Office. For a long time in the past this place was not arranged until the second part of the 18th century when it got square contours.
    After removing Wheat Market from there, space was arranged and changed its name. On the place of the current Post Office there was the famous Hotel 'Central', built in the late 19th century, but certainly the most striking and most beautiful object in the Square is Adamovic Palace. It was built in 1911.
    Strand
    The most beautiful beach on the Danube and one of the most beautiful river beaches in Europe. Novi Sad Štrand officially opened its gate in 1911.

  • Bridges of Novi Sad:
    BRIDGES OF NOVI SAD
    Pontoon Bridge 1788-1918.
    Prince Andrew Bridge1883-1941.
    Oscar Potiorek Bridge 1914-1924
    Prince Tomislav Bridge 1928-1941-1944
    Marshal Tito Bridge,
    which was opened for traffic on January 20th 1946.
    Žeželjev -the road and railway bridge was built in 1961 until 1999 it was the only railway bridge in Novi Sad.
    On the occasion of the 40 years of liberation, Novi Sad gets another Bridge- Liberty Bridge.
    ‘Varadinska rainbow’ Bridge was built on the site of demolished Tito’s Bridge.


    Position


    Novi Sad is located at
    45 ° 20'0 "N, 19 ° 51'0" E

    in the central part of the province of Vojvodina,
    in the north of Serbia, bordering Backa and Srem.

    Novi Sad lies on the coast of Danube River
    (Between 1252nd and 1262nd river kilometer).

    The left side of the river is a flat part – called Backa, and
    the right part of the river is highlanded, on the slopes of Fruska Gora-called Srem.

    Altitude of the Backa side is from 72 to 80 m,
    while the Srem’s side altitude goes to about 250-350 meters.
    On the left side of the Danube a small canel flows into river,
    which is part of the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal system.
    The city of Novi Sad spreads on an area of 699 km2, where in addition to Novi Sad there are16 more villages.

    The average air temperature in the city is 10.9 ° C, and ranges between -30.7 ° C (01/24/1963) and +41.5 ° C (6.07.1950).
    Annual rainfall is 686 mm and the number of days with precipitation is 122.

    During 18th and 19th century Novi Sad was the biggest Serbian city in 1820 Ns had 20 000 inhabitants, and the 2/3 was Serbs.